Most people have radically improve key indicators of their lives over the past 20 years, according to the "Human Development Report 2009", prepared by the UN. Only nine countries indicated life interval lower than in 1970. Six of them are a group of countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Another three are Belarus, Ukraine and Russia.
UN experts estimate the average life interval of Belarusian of 69.6 years, Ukrainian — 68.6 years, Russians — 67.2 years, «Salidarnasts» reported.
Decline in life interval in six countries of Africa to the south of Sahara is linked to the HIV epidemic. Researchers note that the life interval reduction in the three countries of the former Soviet Union affected, primarily, males. Thus, the Russian men’s indicator decreased by seven years during 1989-1994.
Increase in alcohol abuse and stress scale is associated with the transition to a market economy and high inflation, unemployment and insecurity. A study found that 21% of the 25 thousand dead men in Siberia in 1990-2004 (circulatory diseases were considered the cause of their death) had a fatal or near-lethal concentration of ethanol in the blood, as was shown by the autopsy.
However, the report’s authors believe that the difficulties of transition to a market economy should not be considered the only reasons for the life interval reduction in these countries. Thus, the situation was quickly fixed in some countries with economies in transition and the similar tendency of mortality increase — for example, Kyrgyzstan and Montenegro of the early 2000’s.
The document notes that the decline in life interval of the former Soviet Union began even before the transition period — in 1970. One — year reduction was observed then, while the life interval has increased by 3.5 years worldwide.
According to Telegraf, the UN has prepared a «Report on Human Development 2009», which contains data on living standards and social protection of citizens of different countries, as well as health indicators, education and cultural development of the population, the state of crime, the environment, people’s participation in decision-making processes. According to the study, Belarus ranks 61st place among 169 countries in the world.