WikiLeaks: американский посол в Минске о КГБ и НЛО

В очередной порции секретных материалов переписки Госдепартамента США, опубликованной сайтом WikiLeaks, в числе прочего есть депеша американского посла о расследовании паранормальных явлений Комитетом госбезопасности Беларуси. В депеше также говорится о первых американских инвестициях в банковскую систему Беларуси и об увеличении объемов прямых инвестиций в белорусскую экономику.

Помимо всего прочего, в депеше американского дипломата также говорится о реакции белорусских предпринимателей на президентский указ об ограничении количества наемных работников для индивидуальных предпринимателей. В декабре 2007 года этот указ вызвал серию забастовок ИП по всей стране.

В депеше также упоминается факт отказа в регистрации гражданского Движения «За Свабоду», лидером которого является оппозиционный политик Александр Милинкевич, а также обыск в офисе Объединенной гражданской партии, возглавляемой оппозиционером Анатолием Лебедько.

В конце депеши американский дипломат приводит слова Юрия Жадобина, который возглавлял КГБ в 2007-208 годах, а ныне является министром обороны Беларуси. Приводим перевод последнего сообщения и оригинал депеши на английском языке.

11. Цитата недели
Глава КГБ Беларуси Юрий Жадобин о том, почему его ведомство больше не занимается изучением паранормальных явлений:

«В отличие от времен СССР, сейчас комитет не занимается изучением паранормальных явлений. [Тогда] у нас было больше средств и возможностей, которые мы могли тратить на все, что угодно. Сегодня ситуация иная. Раньше, когда что-либо заинтересовывало общество, это входило в сферу наших интересов. Но когда речь идет о целителях, НЛО и тому подобному, мы уже просто не в состоянии заниматься этим».


1. The following are brief items of interest compiled by Embassy
Civil Society
— Market Vendors Conduct Nationwide Strike (para. 2)
— Opposition Groups Protest Social Benefit Cuts (para. 3)
— BGKB Resumes Malady Front Criminal Case (para. 4)
— Small Business Activists Jailed and Fined (para. 5)
— BKGB Raids Opposition Office (para. 6)
— Court Denies «For Freedom» Registration (para. 7)
Domestic Economy
— GOB Purports to Simplify Business Registration (para. 8)
— First U.S. Investment in Belarus´ Banking System (para. 9)
International Trade
— Direct Investment Increases (para. 10)
Quote of the Week (para. 11)
Civil Society
2. Market Vendors Conduct Nationwide Strike
Tens of thousands of market vendors around Belarus took part in a one-day strike December 19, protesting recently announced hiring restrictions and last week´s court rulings against five small business activists. Anatoliy Shumchenko, the leader of the pro-entrepreneur group Perspektiva, led the strike. Vendors in all regional capitals except Vitebsk participated. Another association of small business owners, For the Free Development of Enterprise, plans to begin an open-ended nationwide strike against the employee restrictions on January 1, the day the new restrictions are to be implemented.

3. Opposition Groups Protest Social Benefit Cuts

United Civic Party (UCP) activists demonstrated in Minsk December 15 and distributed leaflets protesting social benefit cuts. According to UCP Chair Anatoliy Lebedko, authorities denied approval for approximately 800 rallies across Belarus, but could not prevent activists from distributing printed materials. Over 10 people staged an authorized hour-long rally in a remote part of Mogilyov December 16. About 100 people demonstrated for 45 minutes and peacefully dispersed in Gomel. Police briefly detained two opposition youths in central Brest December 16 for passing out leaflets to protest the cuts, seizing 64 fliers. On December 17, 20 opposition activists organized a flash mob in Brest. Two activists there were also briefly detained and released without charges.

4. BGKB Resumes Malady Front Criminal Case

The Gomel BGKB December 14 resumed its criminal case against youth opposition activist Andrey Tenyuta on charges of acting on behalf of the unregistered organization Malady Front (MF). The BGKB initially opened a criminal case September 18 after repeatedly questioning Tenyuta and confiscating his computer during a raid on his apartment. Tenyuta unsuccessfully petitioned for the return of the equipment after authorities suspended the case in November. He is now facing up to two years in jail on charges of «discrediting state agencies, destabilizing the social and political situation, and engaging youth with radical propaganda.»

5. Small Business Activists Jailed and Fined

A Minsk district court December 17 sentenced small business activist Nikolay Sergeyenko to ten days in jail on petty hooliganism charges. The police detained Sergeyenko December 6 during a search of his offices, charging him with disorderly conduct and using profanity. In a separate case, a judge in Gomel December 18 fined small business activist Irina Kaminskaya 350,000 rubles (USD 170) on charges of violating laws regarding mass events. Kaminskaya has been active distributing printed materials protesting new business regulations.

6. BKGB Raids Opposition Office
BKGB officers raided the United Civic Party (UCP) Gomel office December 14 and seized printed materials and DVDs. The officers MINSK 00001045 002 OF 002 asserted that they were looking for fliers calling for protests against social benefit cuts. On December 15, the BKGB searched the apartment of Gomel UCP office Deputy Head Vladimir Katsora and confiscated over 5,000 leaflets.

7. Court Denies «For Freedom» Registration
The Supreme Court December 18 upheld the Ministry of Justice´s (MOJ) registration denial for opposition leader Aleksandr Milinkevich´s movement «For Freedom» (FF). It is the third registration denial based on violations of laws governing mass events. The MOJ asserted that the group´s founding convention held August 11 was illegal and unsanctioned. FF Deputy Head Yuriy Gubarevich maintained that the FF would hold additional founding conventions and continue to submit registration applications.
Domestic Economy

8. GOB Purports to Simplify Business Registration
President Lukashenko December 17 signed Decree Number 8, to simplify the registration process for new businesses. Starting on January 1, registration agencies will no longer examine application papers, instead holding applicants liable for any non-compliance with regulations. The decree also halves the required charter funds of new businesses, cuts the number of required application papers, reduces application processing time from twenty to five working days, and eases the liquidation process.

9. First U.S. Investment in Belarus´ Banking System
Management company Monister Investments Ltd., a Cyprus-based division of the U.S. firm Horizon Capital, December 14 acquired a 31.5 percent stake in Minsk Transit Bank. Currently, the bank´s major shareholder (60 percent) is car dealer Atlant-M. Bank managers in a press conference expressed their belief that Belarus´ banking sector is the country´s most attractive sector for foreign investors.
International Trade

10. Direct Investment Increases
The Belarusian Ministry of Economy reported December 18 that foreign direct investment has risen during the last three years, totaling USD 451.3 million in 2005, USD 748.6 million in 2006, and USD 905 million in the first nine months of 2007. According to the ministry, Russia accounted for 30.4 percent of all foreign investment in the Belarusian economy in the first nine months of 2007, up from eight percent in the same period of the previous year. The United Kingdom was the next largest investor in Belarus, accounting for 19.8 percent of all foreign investments, followed by Austria (10.9 percent), Switzerland (9.3), Germany (7.2), and Cyprus (6.8). The industrial sector reportedly received 43.8 percent of all foreign investments, up from 22 percent in 2006.

11. Quote of the Week
BKGB Chairman Yuriy Zhadobin on why his organization no longer investigates paranormal phenomena:
«Unlike during the USSR, the department is not engaged in studying paranormal phenomena. [Back then,] we had greater means and opportunities which we could spend on anything and everything. Today the situation is different. Then, when society was excited by something, it entered our sphere of interest. But when it comes to healers, UFOs and such, we just can´t deal with them any more».